The State of New York has a myriad of laws related to the operation of a motor vehicle. To go through all of them here would likely make your eyes glaze over, so we’ll discuss some of the more common New York Vehicle Codes violated that may lead to injury. Title 7 of the New York Vehicle and Traffic Code explain the Rules of the Road.
New York Motor Vehicle Equipment Laws
Many auto accidents are caused by faulty vehicle equipment, such as inadequate lights, signals, mirrors or windshield wipers. Article 9 of the New York vehicle code discusses all of the items required for operating your motor vehicle in a safe and responsible manner.
New York Auto Accident Laws – Traffic Signals
Failing to obey traffic signals can have dire consequences. Article 24, Section 1110 of the New York vehicle code requires everyone to “obey the instructions of any official traffic-control
device applicable to him…” Actions that might violate Article 24 can include:
- Failing to stop at a red light
- Failing to yield the right of way at a green arrow
- Making a right turn on a red light without first stopping
Article 24 violations often result in auto collisions, collisions with bicycles, and collisions with pedestrians.
New York Auto Accident Laws – Right of Way
Article 25 and Article 26 of the New York Vehicle and Traffic Code addresses issues of right-of-way. It’s common for drivers to get quite emphatic about their own right-of-way, to the detriment of other drivers. This can lead to traffic accidents when drivers fail to yield, even if they do technically have the right-of-way. Road rage incidents may also be precipitated by failure to yield right-of-way, or a perceived slight by another driver who incorrectly takes the right-of-way.
Typical Article 25 violations include:
- Driving on the wrong side of the road
- Overtaking a vehicle on the left
- Overtaking a bicycle
- Passing vehicles in the no-passing zones
- Following too closely
- Driving on shoulders and slopes
Typical Article 26 violations include:
- When entering an intersection, failing to yield the right of way to a vehicle that has entered the intersection from a different highway.
- When turning left within an intersection, alley, private road, or driveway, failing to yield the right of way to any vehicle approaching from the opposite direction which is within the intersection or so close as to constitute an immediate hazard.
- When about to enter or cross a roadway, from any place other than another roadway, failing to yield the right of way to all vehicles approaching on the roadway to be entered or crossed.
- Failing to yield to emergency vehicles.
New York Auto Accident Laws – Signaling and Making Turns
Turning indicators are your vehicles sign language for indicating your intentions. Failing to use your turning indicators can cause confusion, which can lead to accidents. Article 28 describes the proper and improper uses of your turning indicator. Violations of Article 28 that might land you in hot water include:
- Making any turn without use of your turning indicator.
- Making a turn without moving to the left or right-most side of the road for a turn in that direction.
- Changing lanes without using your turn signal.
- Making a U-turn in a school zone or area with less than 500 feet.
- Failure to use emergency flashers
New York Auto Accident Laws – Special Stops
New York law requires drivers to observe special stops at certain intersections, train crossings, and when school busses are present. Failure to observe these special stop laws can lead to death or serious injury. Some violations are considered felonies, subject to fines, and possible jail time. Article 29 identifies the special stop hazards and actions that might violate them. Such actions include:
- Disobeying a stop sign
- Failing to stop for yield sign when required
- Failing to stop – emerging from alley, driveway, private road, or building
- Passing a stopped school bus/lights flashing
- Failing to keep school bus halted/lighted
- Entering an intersection when room unavailable (gridlock)
New York Auto Accident Laws – Speed Restrictions
Speeding is one of the leading causes of accidents and injuries on the road. Article 30 governs the speed of New York’s drivers. Article 30 violations include:
- Driving at a speed that is not reasonable/prudent
- Speeding in excess of posted limits
- Impeding traffic – driving too slowly
- Engaging in an unauthorized speed contest (drag race)
New York Auto Accident Laws – Drug and Alcohol Offenses
We all know that operating a vehicle under the influence of drugs or alcohol is against the law. Some people believe that there is some “wiggle room” when it comes to these actions. Knowing the law can save a life. Article 31 addresses drug and alcohol offenses when it comes to operating a motor vehicle. Offenses include driving under the influence of legal or illegal drugs, driving with a BAC of .08 or greater, or refusing a screening test.
For more information, the full text of Title 7 can be found here.
If you or a loved one has been injured due to another driver’s violation of the New York Vehicle and Traffic Laws, it’s important to have an experienced New York auto accident injury attorney on your side. With decades of experience and a track record for success, our attorneys have the knowledge, experience, skill, reputation and resources to win your case and obtain the money and benefits you are entitled to. Contact us today at 1-888-575-6410 or fill out our online contact form for a free case evaluation. We will fight for you!