If you win your case, you will be entitled to either Medicare or Medicaid. Which program you are entitled to depends on what type of disability benefits you are receiving. If you receive Social Security Disability Insurance Benefits, you will be entitled to Medicare, which you will receive 24 months after your date of entitlement (the month you are entitled to start receiving benefits). If you receive Supplemental Security Income, you will be entitled to Medicaid, which you will receive immediately.